General Education Requirements (GERs) for Baccalaureate Degrees

General Education Requirements (GERs) provide students with a common educational experience in order to provide a foundation for further study and broaden the educational experience of every degree-seeking student. They are designed to promote an elevation of the student’s level in basic college-level skills (Tier 1), a breadth of exposure to traditional academic disciplines (Tier 2), and an understanding of how to integrate and apply knowledge to an evolving world (Tier 3).

UAA’s General Education Values

Develop intellectual and practical skills across the curriculum, including inquiry and analysis, quantitative literacy, critical and creative thinking, problem solving, written and oral communication, information literacy, and collaborative learning.

Build knowledge of human institutions, socio-cultural processes, and the physical and natural world through study of the natural and social sciences, mathematics, humanities, and the arts.

Acquire tools for effective civic engagement in local through global contexts, including ethical reasoning and intercultural competence, with particular emphasis on Alaska and the circumpolar north.

Integrate and apply learning, including ability to synthesize knowledge and skills across general and specialized studies, adapting them to new settings, questions, and responsibilities, and forming a foundation for lifelong learning.

GER Student Learning Outcomes

After completing the GERs, UAA students shall be able to:

  • Communicate effectively in a variety of contexts and formats.
  • Reason mathematically and analyze quantitative and qualitative data competently to reach sound conclusions.
  • Relate knowledge to the historical context in which it developed and the human problems it addresses.
  • Interpret different systems of aesthetic representation and understand their historical and cultural contexts.
  • Investigate the complexity of human institutions and behavior to better understand interpersonal, group and cultural dynamics.
  • Identify ways in which science has advanced the understanding of important natural processes.
  • Locate and use relevant information to make appropriate personal and professional decisions.
  • Adopt critical perspectives for understanding the forces of globalization and diversity.
  • Integrate knowledge and employ skills gained to synthesize creative thinking, critical judgment and personal experience in a meaningful and coherent manner.
Tier 1: Basic College-Level Skills12
Tier 2: Disciplinary Areas22
Tier 3: Integrative Capstone3
Total Credits37

All students should consult a faculty or academic advisor for appropriate course selections.

  • Baccalaureate students are required to complete 12 credits of basic college-level skills (oral, written and quantitative) before completing 60 total degree applicable credits.
  • Each of the eight GER classifications has a list of approved courses (see the General Education Requirements classification lists). Only courses from the GER classification list may be used to satisfy a distribution area requirement.
  • Courses used to satisfy distribution area requirements in General Education may also be used to satisfy school/college requirements and/or degree/program requirements, but no course may be counted in more than one GER category.
  • Courses ending with numbers _93 or _94 cannot satisfy a GER, and UAA courses not on the approved GER classification list cannot be petitioned to meet a GER.

Petitions for GERs and/or General University Requirements

Petitions pertaining to GERs and/or General University Requirements must be processed through the Office of Academic Affairs, with final authority to deny or approve resting with the provost. After the petition has received final approval or denial, the student is notified of the decision. Changes in course level, grading or number of credits awarded are not petitionable. UAA courses not on the approved baccalaureate GER lists cannot be petitioned to meet a GER. For more information, see the Academic Petition section.

GER Classification List

Courses listed as satisfying a GER are also identified in the course descriptions. A course satisfying a particular GER in the semester in which it was completed will continue to satisfy that GER for that student even if its status has changed in the catalog under which the student graduates.

Students who wish to use a UAF or UAS course to meet a UAA GER should refer to the table of substitutions below.

UAA Table of GER Substitutions

This table is intended to assist UAA students who wish to use UAF or UAS courses to meet a UAA GER per Board of Regents Policy P10.04.062.


Tier I: Basic College - Level Skills

UAA Courses UAF Courses UAS Courses
Oral Communication Skills - 3 Credits
COMM A111, COMM A235, COMM A237, COMM A241 COJO F121X, COJO F131X, COJO F141X COMM S111, COMM S235, COMM S237, COMM S241
Quantitative Skills - 3 Credits
MATH A104, MATH A115, MATH A121, MATH A151, MATH A152, MATH A155, MATH A221, MATH A251, MATH A252, MATH A253, STAT A200, STAT A253, STAT A307 MATH F113X, MATH F114X, MATH F122X, MATH F151X, MATH F152X, MATH F156X, MATH F230X, MATH F251X, MATH F252X, MATH F253X, STAT F200X MATH S113, MATH S151, MATH S152, MATH S251, STAT S107, STAT S200, STAT S273
Written Communication Skills - 6 Credits
WRTG A111, WRTG A211, WRTG A212, WRTG A213, WRTG A214 WRTG F111X, WRTG F211X, WRTG F212X, WRTG F213X, WRTG F214X WRTG S111, WRTG S211, WRTG S212

Tier 2: Disciplinary Areas

UAA Courses UAF Courses UAS Courses
Fine Arts - 3 Credits
AKNS A215, AKNS A216, ART A160, DNCE A170, MUS A121, MUS A215, MUS A216, MUS A221, MUS A222, MUS A224, THR A111, THR A214, THR A215 ACNS F223X, ANS F161X, ANS F202X, ANS F223X, ART F200X, ART F261X, ART F262X, COJO F105X, COJO F217X, ENGL F217X, FLPA F105X, FLPA F161X, FLPA F200X, FLPA F215X, FLPA F217X, JRN F105X, JRN F217X, HUM F201X, MUS F103X, MUS F125X, MUS F200X, MUS F223X, NORS F223X ART S160, ART S261, ART S262, MUS S123, THR S111, THR S211, THR S212
Humanities - 6 Credits Outside the Major
AKNS A101, AKNS A101A, AKNS A101B, AKNS A101C, AKNS A101D, AKNS A101E, AKNS A101F, AKNS A101H, AKNS A102A, AKNS A102B, AKNS A102C, AKNS A102D, AKNS A102E, AKNS A102H, AKNS A201, ART A261, ART A262, ART A360A, ART A360B, ASL A101, ASL A102, ASL A201, ASL A202, CHIN A101, CHIN A102, CHIN A201, CHIN A202, ENGL A121, ENGL A201, ENGL A202, ENGL A301, ENGL A302, ENGL A306, ENGL A307, ENGL A310, ENGL A383, ENGL A445, FREN A101, FREN A102, FREN A201, FREN A202, FREN A301, FREN A302, GER A101, GER A102, GER A201, GER A202, GER A301, GER A302, HIST A101, HIST A102, HIST A121, HIST A122, HIST A131, HIST A132, HIST A341, HNRS A192, HUM A211, HUM A212, JPN A101, JPN A102, JPN A201, JPN A202, JPN A301, JPN A302, LING A101, PHIL A101, PHIL A201, PHIL A211, PHIL A212, PHIL A301, PHIL A305, PHIL A313, PHIL A314, PS A331, PS A332, PS A333, RUSS A101, RUSS A102, RUSS A201, RUSS A202, RUSS A301, RUSS A302, SPAN A101, SPAN A102, SPAN A201, SPAN A202, SPAN A301, SPAN A302, THR A411, THR A412 ANL F141X, ANL F142X, ANL F251X, ANL F255X, ASLG F101X, ASLG F202X, CHNS F101X, CHNS F102X, COJO F101X, COJO F102X, ENGL F200X, ENGL F270X, FL F200X, FREN F101X, FREN F102X, GER F101X, GER F102X, INU F111X, INU F112X, JPN F101X, JPN F102X, LAT F101X, LAT F102X, LING F101X, LING F216X, PHIL F102X, PHIL F104X, RELG F221X, RUSS F101X, RUSS F102X, SPAN F101X, SPAN F102X, YUP F101X, YUP F102X AKL S105, AKL S106, AKL S107, AKL S108, ASL S101, ASL S102, ENGL S215, ENGL S223, ENGL S224, ENGL S226, ENGL S261, FREN S101, FREN S102, HIST S105, HIST S106, HIST S131, HIST S132, HUM S120, JOUR S101, PHIL S101, PHIL S201, PHIL S301, RUSS S101, RUSS S102, SPAN S101, SPAN S102
Natural Sciences - 7 Credits Including One Laboratory Course
Laboratory Courses
ANTH A205, ASTR A103 / ASTR A103L, ASTR A104 / ASTR A104L, BIOL A102 / BIOL A103, BIOL A108, BIOL A111, BIOL A112, BIOL A178 / BIOL A179, CHEM A103 / CHEM A103L, CHEM A104 / CHEM A104L, CHEM A105 / CHEM A105L, CHEM A106 / CHEM A106L, ENVI A211 / ENVI A211L, GEOL A111 / GEOL A111L, GEOL A115 / GEOL A115L, GEOL A178 / GEOL A179, GEOL A221, LSIS A102, LSIS A201, LSIS A202, PHYS A123 / PHYS A123L, PHYS A124 / PHYS A124L, PHYS A211 / PHYS A211L, PHYS A212 / PHYS A212L ATM F101X, BIOL F100X, BIOL F103X, BIOL F104X, BIOL F111X, BIOL F112X, BIOL F115X, BIOL F116X, BIOL F120X, CHEM F100X, CHEM F103X, CHEM F104X, CHEM F105X, CHEM F106X, CHEM F111X, GEOG F111X, GEOS F101X, GEOS F106X, GEOS F112X, GEOS F120X, MSL F111X, PHYS F102X, PHYS F103X, PHYS F104X, PHYS F115X, PHYS F175X, PHYS F211X, PHYS F212X, PHYS F213X BIOL S103, BIOL S104, BIOL S105, BIOL S106, BIOL S111, BIOL S112, CHEM S103, CHEM S105, CHEM S105L, CHEM S106, CHEM S106L, ENVS S102, GEOG S102, GEOL S104, PHYS S102, PHYS S103, PHYS S104, PHYS S211, PHYS S212
Non-laboratory Courses
ASTR A103, ASTR A104, BIOL A102, BIOL A178, BIOL A200, CHEM A103, CHEM A104, CHEM A105, CHEM A106, CPLX A200, ENVI A111, ENVI A211, GEOG A111, GEOL A111, GEOL A115, GEOL A178, PHYS A101, PHYS A123, PHYS A124, PHYS A211, PHYS A212 ANTH S205, ASTR S225, CHEM S100, GEOL S105, OCN S101, PHIL S206
Social Sciences — 6 Credits Outside the Major and From Two Different Disciplines
ANTH A101, ANTH A200, ANTH A202, ANTH A211, ANTH A250, BA A151, CEL A292, ECON A100, ECON A123, ECON A201, ECON A202, ECON A210, EDEC A105, ENVI A212, GEOG A101, HNRS A292, INTL A101, JPC A204, JUST A110, JUST A251, JUST A330, JUST A375, LEGL A101, LSSS A111, PS A101, PS A102, PS A311, PS A351, PSY A111, PSY A150, PSY A200, SOC A101, SOC A110, SOC A201, SOC A202, SOC A251, SOC A342, SOC A351, SWK A106, SWK A243, URS A121, WS A200 ACCT F261X, ANS F111X, ANS F242X, ANTH F100X, ANTH F101X, ANTH F111X, ANTH F211X, BA F151X, BA F254X, BA AF281X, ECE F104X, ECON F100X, ECON F201X, ECON F202X, ECON F235X, GEOG F101X, HIST F100X, HIST F102X, HIST F122X, HIST F132X, HUMS F125X, JUST F110X, JUST F125X, JUST F251X, PS F100X, PS F101X, PS F201X, PS F221X, PSY F101X, RD F200X, SOC F101X, SOC F201X, SPRT F281X, SWK F103X, WGS F201X ANTH S101, ANTH S202, ANTH S211, ECON S100, ECON S201, ECON S202, GEOG S101, PS S101, PS S102, PS S202, PS S251, PSY S101, PSY S250, SOC S101, SOC S201

Tier 1: Basic College-Level Skills

The UAA GERs begin with basic college-level skills enhancement in oral communication, quantitative, and written communication skills:

  • Courses in oral and written communication develop intellectual and practical skills, building critical reading, thinking, and communication competencies (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) necessary to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts and formats needed for personal and professional success.
  • Quantitative courses develop abilities to reason mathematically and  analyze quantitative and qualitative data to reach sound conclusions for success in undergraduate study and professional life.
  • Baccalaureate students are required to complete the 12 credits of basic college-level skills (oral, written and quantitative) before completing 60 total degree applicable credits. Students may select approved basic college-level skills, which may also fulfill requirements in their intended major. Faculty in English, communications and mathematics provide placement criteria (which may require the completion of preparatory coursework).

Tier 1 GERs require appropriate placement scores for course registration. Refer to the Course Placement section of this catalog for placement score requirements.

Oral Communication Skills3
Quantitative Skills3
Written Communication Skills6
Total Credits12

Oral Communication Skills

Oral communication skills courses increase the abilities of students to interact appropriately and effectively in a variety of contexts, including interpersonal, small group and public speaking settings. 

  • Students develop both their message creation and message interpretation skills in order to be more successful communicators.
  • Students develop an awareness of the role of communication in a variety of human relationships—personal and professional.
  • Students develop and implement effective and appropriate communication skills, including the ability to develop, organize, present and critically evaluate messages.
  • Students analyze audiences and adapt to a variety of in-person communication settings.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Oral Communication courses:

Select 3 credits of the following:
COMM A111Fundamentals of Oral Communication3
COMM A235Small Group Communication3
COMM A237Interpersonal Communication3
COMM A241Public Speaking3

Quantitative Skills

Quantitative skills courses increase mathematical abilities.

  • Students become more adept and competent producers and wiser consumers of the mathematical, statistical and computational analyses which dominate 21st-century decision-making.
  • Students develop their algebraic, analytic and numeric skills; use them to solve applied problems; and correctly explain their mathematical reasoning.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Quantitative Skills courses*:

Select 3 credits of the following:
MATH A104Technical Mathematics3
MATH A115Art of Mathematics3
MATH A121College Algebra for Managerial and Social Sciences3
MATH A151College Algebra for Calculus4
MATH A152Trigonometry3
MATH A155Precalculus5
MATH A221Applied Calculus for Managerial and Social Sciences3
MATH A251Calculus I4
MATH A252Calculus II4
MATH A253Calculus III4
STAT A200Elementary Statistics3
STAT A253Applied Statistics for the Sciences4
STAT A307Probability and Statistics4

*To determine the appropriate quantitative skills course, students must work with their academic advisor, as degree pathways differ. A minimum grade of C or higher may be required to fulfill prerequisites for the next MATH or STAT course in sequence or a degree requirement.

Written Communication Skills

Written communication courses emphasize that writing is a recursive and frequently collaborative process of invention, drafting and revising as well as a primary element of active learning in literate cultures. 

  • Students practice methods for establishing credibility, reasoning critically and appealing to the emotions and values of their audience.
  • Students write for a variety of purposes and audiences by employing methods of rhetorical and cultural analysis.
  • Students develop the tools to read, think and write analytically about print and nonprint texts and to generate texts that engage their own perceptions while synthesizing the ideas of texts and scholars. Students demonstrate their ability to communicate effectively by selecting form and content that fits the situation; adhering to genre conventions; adapting their voice, tone, and level of formality to that situation; and controlling stylistic features such as sentence variety, syntax, grammar, usage, punctuation and spelling.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Written Communication courses:

Select 6 credits of the following:
WRTG A111Writing Across Contexts3
WRTG A211Writing and the Humanities3
WRTG A212Writing and the Professions3
WRTG A213Writing and the Sciences3
WRTG A214Arguing Across Contexts3

Tier 2: Disciplinary Areas

Courses in this tier examine Fine Arts, Humanities, Natural Sciences, and Social Sciences which provide a breadth of academic experience regarding human institutions, artistic and socio-cultural processes, and the physical and natural world. 

  • Courses in the Fine Arts interpret different systems of aesthetic representation within their historical and cultural contexts.
  • Courses in the Humanities investigate the cultural, historical, literary, aesthetic, ethical and spiritual traditions that have shaped and continue to shape our worlds.
  • Courses in Natural Sciences identify theoretical and descriptive approaches in which science advances the understanding of the natural and physical world. Lab courses in the Natural Sciences emphasize gathering data and analyzing hypotheses according to the scientific method.
  • Courses in the Social Sciences explore the complexity of human behavior via empirical better understand interpersonal, institutional, and cultural dynamics.
Fine Arts3
Natural Sciences7
Social Sciences6
Total Credits22

Fine Arts

The fine arts (i.e. visual and performing) arts focus on the historical, aesthetic, critical and creative approaches to understanding the context and production of art as academic and creative disciplines as opposed to those that emphasize acquisition of skills. 

  • Students who complete the fine arts requirement should be able to identify and describe works of art by reference to media employed, historical context and style, and structural principles of design and composition.
  • Students should be able to interpret the meaning or intent of works of art and assess their stylistic and cultural importance by reference to their historical significance, their relationship to earlier works and artists, and their overall impact of subsequent artistic work.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Fine Arts courses:

Select 3 credits of the following:
AKNS/MUS A215Music of Alaska Natives and Indigenous Peoples of Northern Regions3
AKNS/MUS A216World Indigenous Music3
ART A160Art Appreciation3
DNCE A170Dance Appreciation3
MUS A121Music Appreciation3
MUS A221History of Western Art Music I3
MUS A222History of Western Art Music II3
MUS A224History of Jazz3
THR A111Theatre Appreciation3
THR A214Historical Plays3
THR A215Contemporary Plays3


(6 credits from outside the major)

The humanities courses examine the characteristics of realities, the purpose of human existence, the properties of knowledge and the qualities of sound reasoning, eloquent communication, and creative expression, studying the problems of judicious conduct in personal, social and political life. They also consider the qualities of the divine, the sacred and the mysterious. In these tasks the humanities courses reflect upon the world’s heritage of the arts, history, languages, literature, religion and philosophy. 

  • Students who complete a content-oriented course in the humanities should be able to identify texts or objects, place them in the historical context of the discipline, articulate the central problems they address and provide reasoned assessments of their significance.
  • Students who complete a skills-oriented humanities course in logic should be able to identify the premises and conclusions of written arguments, evaluate their cogency, and recognize common fallacies. They should also be able to employ formal techniques to determine the validity of deductive arguments and evaluate the adequacy of evidence according to appropriate inductive standards.
  • Students who complete a humanities course in a language should additionally demonstrate proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in the target language.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Humanities courses:

Select 6 credits from the following:
AKNS A101Alaska Native Languages I4
AKNS A101AElementary Central Yup'ik Language I4
AKNS A101BElementary Tlingit Language I4
AKNS A101CElementary Alaska Native Language I4
AKNS A101DElementary Inupiaq Language I4
AKNS A101EElementary Alutiiq Language I4
AKNS A101FElementary Dena'ina Language4
AKNS A101HElementary Ahtna Language I4
AKNS A102AElementary Central Yup'ik Language II4
AKNS A102BElementary Tlingit Language II4
AKNS A102CElementary Alaska Native Language II4
AKNS A102DElementary Inupiaq Language II4
AKNS A102EElementary Alutiiq Language II4
AKNS A102HElementary Ahtna Language II4
AKNS A201Alaska Native Perspectives3
ART A261History of Western Art I3
ART A262History of Western Art II3
ART A360AHistory of Non-Western Art I3
ART A360BHistory of Non-Western Art II3
ASL A101Elementary American Sign Language I4
ASL A102Elementary American Sign Language II4
ASL A201Intermediate American Sign Language I4
ASL A202Intermediate American Sign Language II4
CHIN A101Elementary Chinese I4
CHIN A102Elementary Chinese II4
CHIN A201Intermediate Chinese I4
CHIN A202Intermediate Chinese II4
ENGL A121Introduction to Literature3
ENGL A201Masterpieces of World Literature I3
ENGL A202Masterpieces of World Literature II3
ENGL A301Literature of Britain I3
ENGL A302Literature of Britain II3
ENGL A306Literature of the United States I3
ENGL A307Literature of the United States II3
ENGL A310Ancient Literature3
ENGL A383Film Interpretation3
ENGL A445Alaska Native Literatures3
FREN A101Elementary French I4
FREN A102Elementary French II4
FREN A201Intermediate French I4
FREN A202Intermediate French II4
FREN A301Advanced French I4
FREN A302Advanced French II4
GER A101Elementary German I4
GER A102Elementary German II4
GER A201Intermediate German I4
GER A202Intermediate German II4
GER A301Advanced German I4
GER A302Advanced German II4
HIST A101Western Civilization I3
HIST A102Western Civilization II3
HIST A121East Asian Civilization I3
HIST A122East Asian Civilization II3
HIST A131History of the United States I3
HIST A132History of the United States II3
HIST A341History of Alaska3
HNRS A192Honors Seminar: Enduring Books3
HUM A211Introduction to Humanities I3
HUM A212Introduction to Humanities II3
JPN A101Elementary Japanese I4
JPN A102Elementary Japanese II4
JPN A201Intermediate Japanese I4
JPN A202Intermediate Japanese II4
JPN A301Advanced Japanese I4
JPN A302Advanced Japanese II4
LING A101How Language Works3
PHIL A101Introduction to Logic3
PHIL A201Introduction to Philosophy3
PHIL A211Ancient and Medieval Philosophy3
PHIL A212Early Modern Philosophy3
PHIL A301Ethics3
PHIL A305Professional Ethics3
PHIL A313Eastern Philosophy and Religion3
PHIL A314Western Religions3
PS A331Political Philosophy3
PS A332History of Political Philosophy I: Classical3
PS A333History of Political Philosophy II: Modern3
RUSS A101Elementary Russian I4
RUSS A102Elementary Russian II4
RUSS A201Intermediate Russian I4
RUSS A202Intermediate Russian II4
RUSS A301Advanced Russian I4
RUSS A302Advanced Russian II4
SPAN A101Elementary Spanish I4
SPAN A102Elementary Spanish II4
SPAN A201Intermediate Spanish I4
SPAN A202Intermediate Spanish II4
SPAN A301Advanced Spanish I4
SPAN A302Advanced Spanish II4
THR A411History of Theatre to 17003
THR A412History of Theatre Since 17003

Natural Sciences

(must include a laboratory course)

The natural sciences focus on gaining an understanding of the matter, events and processes that form and sustain our universe. Methods of scientific inquiry are diverse, but all aim to formulate general principles that explain observations and predict future events or behaviors within their disciplines.

  • Students completing their natural sciences requirement will be able to apply the scientific method by formulating questions or problems, proposing hypothetical answers or solutions, testing those hypotheses, and reaching supportable conclusions.
  • Students demonstrate an understanding of the fundamentals of one or more scientific disciplines, a knowledge of the discoveries and advances made within that discipline, and the impact of scientific information in sculpting thought and in providing the foundations for the technology in use at various times in history.

Laboratory courses illustrate how scientists develop, test and challenge scientific theories, providing an appreciation for the process and problems involved in the advancement of scientific knowledge.

  • Students will demonstrate the ability to work with the tools and in the settings encountered by professionals in the discipline.
  • Students will critically observe materials, events or processes, and accurately record and analyze their observations.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Natural Sciences courses:

Select 7 credits of the following: (must include a laboratory course)
ANTH A205Biological Anthropology4
Solar System Astronomy
and Solar System Astronomy Laboratory
Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology
and Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology Laboratory
Introductory Biology
and Introductory Biology Laboratory
BIOL A108Principles and Methods in Biology6
BIOL A111Human Anatomy and Physiology I4
BIOL A112Human Anatomy and Physiology II4
BIOL/GEOL A178Fundamentals of Oceanography3
BIOL/GEOL A179Fundamentals of Oceanography Laboratory1
BIOL/CPLX A200Introduction to Complexity3
Introduction to General Chemistry
and Introduction to General Chemistry Laboratory
Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry
and Introduction to Organic and Biochemistry Laboratory
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
Environmental Science: Systems and Processes
and Environmental Science: Systems and Processes Laboratory *
GEOG/ENVI A111Earth Systems: Elements of Physical Geography *3
Physical Geology
and Physical Geology Laboratory
Environmental Geology
and Environmental Geology Laboratory
GEOL A221Historical Geology4
LSIS A102Origins: Earth-Solar System-Life5
LSIS A201Life on Earth5
LSIS A202Concepts and Processes: Natural Sciences5
PHYS A101Physics for Poets3
Basic Physics I
and Basic Physics I Laboratory
Basic Physics II
and Basic Physics II Laboratory
General Physics I
and General Physics I Laboratory
General Physics II
and General Physics II Laboratory

Equivalent courses are treated as repeats. Only the credits and chronologically last grade earned are applied toward graduation requirements, prerequisite fulfillment and cumulative UAA GPA calculation. Only the most recent course taken is used to fulfill university requirements, including the General Education Requirement.

Social Sciences

(6 credits from outside the major and from two different disciplines)

The social sciences constitute the various fields of study concerned with society, social interaction and human behavior. Each of the specific disciplines in the social sciences is a historically recognized area of inquiry with a scientifically grounded methodology, yet they all share the goal of understanding society, its institutions, and its people and their behavior.

  • Students describe the discipline studied and discuss the key principles or themes that unify it.
  • Students describe and contrast key scientific theories and theoretical approaches in a discipline and the ways in which these theories structure social scientists’ thinking and research
  • Students demonstrate the ability to think critically about how society works and how social realities are created by diverse social processes and cultural practices.
  • Students describe the wide range of social science data and the importance of using empiricism, both qualitative and quantitative, in making claims about the social world and in setting evidence-based social policy.
  • Students explain and use basic social science methods and summarize the assumptions behind and the limitations of inductive or deductive approaches that might include the formulation of research questions and hypotheses; data collection and analysis; and testing, verifying and rejecting hypotheses.

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Social Sciences courses:

Select 6 credits of the following:
ANTH A101Introduction to Anthropology3
ANTH A200Alaska Native Cultures3
ANTH A202Cultural Anthropology3
ANTH A211Archaeology4
ANTH A250The Rise of Civilization3
BA A151Business Foundations3
CEL A292Introduction to Civic Engagement3
ECON A100Political Economy3
ECON A123Introduction to Behavioral Economics3
ECON A201Principles of Macroeconomics3
ECON A202Principles of Microeconomics3
ECON A210Environmental Economics and Policy3
EDEC A105Introduction to the Field of Early Childhood Education3
ENVI A212Living on Earth: Introduction to Environmental Studies3
GEOG/INTL A101Local Places/Global Regions: An Introduction to Geography3
HNRS A292Honors Seminar in Social Science3
JPC A204Media Literacy3
JUST A110Introduction to Justice3
JUST/SOC A251Crime and Delinquency3
JUST A330Justice and Society3
JUST A375Juvenile Justice and Delinquency3
LEGL A101Introduction to Law3
LSSS A111Cultural Foundations of Human Behavior3
PS A101Introduction to American Government3
PS A102Introduction to Political Science3
PS A311Comparative Politics3
PS/SOC A351Political Sociology3
PSY A111Introduction to Psychology3
PSY A150Lifespan Development3
PSY A200Introduction to Behavior Analysis3
SOC A101Introduction to Sociology3
SOC A110Introduction to Gerontology: Multidisciplinary Approach3
SOC A201Social Problems and Solutions3
SOC A202Social Institutions3
SOC A342Marriages and Families3
SWK A106Introduction to Social Welfare3
SWK A243Cultural Diversity and Community Service Learning3
URS A121Methods of Inquiry3
WS A200Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies3

Alaska Native-Themed GER

The Alaska Native-Themed GER addresses UAA's mission to serve 'the higher education needs of the state, its communities, and its diverse peoples'. It also recognizes UAA's unique location on the ancestral homelands of the Dena’ina Athabascan, Ahtna Athabascan, Alutiiq/Sugpiak, and Eyak peoples, and the 20 Alaska Native languages that are now official languages of the State of Alaska.

Students are required to complete a minimum of three credits of Alaska Native-Themed GER coursework from the following list to graduate with an Associate of Arts or a baccalaureate degree. 

AKNS A101AElementary Central Yup'ik Language I4
AKNS A101BElementary Tlingit Language I4
AKNS A101CElementary Alaska Native Language I4
AKNS A101DElementary Inupiaq Language I4
AKNS A101EElementary Alutiiq Language I4
AKNS A101FElementary Dena'ina Language4
AKNS A101HElementary Ahtna Language I4
AKNS A102AElementary Central Yup'ik Language II4
AKNS A102BElementary Tlingit Language II4
AKNS A102CElementary Alaska Native Language II4
AKNS A102DElementary Inupiaq Language II4
AKNS A102EElementary Alutiiq Language II4
AKNS A109BTlingit Orthography4
AKNS A109CAlaska Native Language Orthography4
AKNS A109DAlutiiq Orthography4
AKNS A181Community Project Planning1
AKNS A182Grant Writing for Alaska Native Communities1
AKNS A184Indigenous Leadership and Civic Engagement1
AKNS A185Event Planning and Meeting Facilitation1
AKNS A201Alaska Native Perspectives3
AKNS A230Oral Traditions of Alaska Native People3
AKNS A290Topics in Alaska Native Studies1-3
AKNS A292AAlaska Native Language Apprenticeship1-3
AKNS A292BAlaska Native Language Conversational Fluency Intensive1-3
AKNS/PS A313Tribes, Nations and Peoples3
AKNS A346Alaska Native Politics3
AKNS A356Yup'ik Music and Dance Ensemble2
AKNS A357Inupiaq Music and Dance Ensemble2
AKNS/ANTH A461Decolonizing Methodologies3
AKNS A490Advanced Topics in Alaska Native Studies1-3
AKNS A492Cultural Knowledge of Native Elders3
ANTH A200Alaska Native Cultures3
ANTH A390AArctic and Subarctic Cultures3
ANTH A490DTopics in the Contemporary North3
ART A370Intermediate Alaska Native Art3
ART A470Advanced Alaska Native Art3
BA A290AAlaska Native Business Practices1-3
BA A401Alaska Native Corporation Business Management3
BA A402Indigenous Leadership3
BA A403Inside the Boardroom of Alaska Native Organizations1
BA A490BSelected Topics in Alaska Native Corporations1-3
DN A155Survey of Alaska Native Nutrition3
EDFN A478Issues in Alaska Native Education, K-123
ENGL A444Topics in Native Literatures3
ENGL A445Alaska Native Literatures3
HIST A341History of Alaska3
HIST A346History of Native Peoples of United States and Canada3
JUST A355Rural Justice3
JUST/LEGL A485Tribal Courts and Alaska Native Rights3
MUS/AKNS A215Music of Alaska Natives and Indigenous Peoples of Northern Regions3
MUS/AKNS A216World Indigenous Music3
MUS/AKNS A218AAlaska Native Drummaking Techniques: Athabascan and Southeast style3
MUS/AKNS A218BAlaska Native Drummaking Techniques: Inupiaq and Yup'ik Style3
MUS A356Yup'ik Music and Dance Ensemble2
MUS A357Inupiaq Music and Dance Ensemble2
NS A423Transcultural Nursing3
NS A430Rural Health Care3
PS A345Alaska Government and Politics3
PS A346Alaska Native Politics3
PSY A465Cross-Cultural Psychology3
SWK A243Cultural Diversity and Community Service Learning3

Tier 3: Integrative Capstone

Integrative Capstone courses culminate the GER experience by synthesizing material across GER domains with the blending of basic college-level skills (Tier 1) and/or disciplinary areas (Tier 2), establishing a foundation for life-long learning. 

  • Students completing the integrative capstone requirement demonstrate the ability to integrate knowledge and employ skills to synthesize creative thinking, critical judgment and personal experience in a meaningful and coherent manner.
  • Student adopt critical perspectives for understanding the forces of globalization and diversity.

The 37-credit General Education Requirement, including the 3-credit integrative capstone, is required for graduation after September 2008 for baccalaureate students who were admitted to major or pre-major status under the 2005-2006 UAA Catalog or later catalogs. (For specifics on catalog year requirements, see Academic Standards and Regulations.)

Courses completed at UAA must be selected from the following Integrative Capstone courses:

Select 3 credits from the following:
ACCT A452Auditing3
ANTH A452Culture and Human Biodiversity3
ANTH A454Culture and Ecology3
ANTH A455Culture and Health3
ANTH A464Culture and Globalization3
ART A491Senior Seminar3
ASTR/BIOL A365Astrobiology3
ATA A492Air Transportation System Seminar3
BIOL A452Human Genome3
BIOL/CHEM/PHYS A456Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos3
BIOL A473Conservation Biology3
BIOL A481Marine Biology3
BIOL A489Population Genetics and Evolutionary Processes3
CA A495Hospitality Internship6
CE A438Design of Civil Engineering Systems3
CEL A450Civic Engagement Leadership Capstone3
CHEM A441Principles of Biochemistry I3
CIS A376Management Information Systems3
CM A422Sustainability in the Built Environment3
CM A450Construction Management Professional Practice3
CSCE A470Computer Science and Engineering Capstone Project3
DH A424Community Dental Health II3
DN A415Community Nutrition3
DNCE A370Interdisciplinary Dance Studies: Issues and Methods3
ECON A492Seminar in Economic Research3
EDFN A300Philosophical and Social Context of American Education3
EDFN A304Comparative Education3
EE A438Design of Electrical Engineering Systems3
ENGL A434Rhetoric and Composition Research Theories and Methodologies3
ENGL A476History of English Language3
ENGL A478Public Science Writing3
ENVI A470Environmental Planning and Problem Solving4
GEO A460Geomatics Capstone Project3
GEOG A390ATopics in Global Geography3
GEOG A390BTopics in Regional Geography3
GEOL A361Earth Resources and Society3
GEOL A456Geoarchaeology3
GEOL A468Geomicrobiology3
HIST/INTL/PS A325Northeast Asia in 21st Century3
HIST A390Themes in World History3
HIST/RUSS A427Post-Soviet Culture and Society3
HS A491Health Issues in Alaska3
HS A492Senior Seminar: Contemporary Health Policy3
HUMS A496Human Services Integrative Capstone3
JPC A403Communications and Media Research3
JPC A492JPC Capstone Seminar3
JUST A432Crime Analysis and Mapping3
JUST/LEGL A443Civil Liberties3
JUST A460Justice in Crisis3
JUST A463Biobehavioral Criminology3
JUST/LEGL A485Tribal Courts and Alaska Native Rights3
LEGL A449Jurisprudence and Legal Theory3
LSIC A488ACapstone Project I: Design and Research3
MATH A420Historical Mathematics3
MBIO A468Geomicrobiology3
ME A438Design of Mechanical Engineering Systems3
MEDT A302Clinical Laboratory Education and Management4
MUS A331Form and Analysis3
NS A411Population Health Integrative Capstone3
OSH A460Economic Value of Safety3
PEP A384Cultural and Psychological Aspects of Health and Physical Activity3
PHIL A400Ethics, Community, and Society3
PS A492Senior Seminar in Politics3
PSY A370Behavioral Neuroscience3
SOC A488Capstone Seminar3
STAT A308Intermediate Statistics for the Sciences3
SWK A406Social Welfare: Policies and Issues3
TECH A453Capstone Project3
THR A492Senior Seminar3